The French Bulldog is a very energetic and loyal companion. A small sized, playful dog with a good reputation for playing nice with kids, the French Bulldog has been a favourite of urban dwellers since the mid-1800s, into the early 20thCentury and is now seeing new popularity with the modern Australian family.
The French Bull Dog is of small to medium stature and has a lean and muscular build. The appearance and characteristics of the breed are large heads and short legs. They don’t require a lot of space to keep them occupied and have proven a popular choice for people living in apartments.
Although the breed requires little dedicated exercise, consistent human contact is required and indoor living is a must. A healthy French Bulldog will weigh between 10 – 13kgs. The French Bulldog will generally live for between 12-16 years.
The Shih Tzu is a toy breed of domesticated dog that is of Chinese origin and related to a group of ancient breeds of canine. Loyal, playful and very affectionate, the Shih Tzu is a popular breed amongst older adults and those living in smaller households.
Shih Tzu can be translated to the words ‘lion’ and ‘dog’ and they are thought to stretch back to around 800BCE. According to recent DNA analysis, the Shih Tzu that we all recognise today shares a close genetic relationship with wolves. Today’s Shih Tzus are small dogs with a long sleek coat and sturdy build. They have large dark eyes and a distinctive under-bite, a trademark of the breed.
Their coat is fast-growing and needs frequent maintenance or the hair will grow beyond the feet and drag the ground. This can become costly for those who require professional grooming, but haircuts are easy enough to do yourself at home.
You’ll find Shih Tzus in a wide range of colours, including whites, blacks, gold, brown and grey. They also come in various shades of these colours and can be a mix of two or three colours, depending on the coats of their parents.
Shi Tzus are good dogs to train as they obey basic commands. Good, simple clear communication is necessary, however, and mindfulness by children is a must. Shi Tzus have been known to nip and bark at children.
The Shih Tzu is a popular show dog but only relatively new to the West. They were introduced to Europe as late as the 1930s and was recognised by the American Kennel Club in 1969.
On average, Shih Tzus measure 20.3 to 27.9 cm and should weigh about 4 to 7.5 kgs. Generally a healthy Shih Tzu will leave to between 10 and 16 years of age.
The Pomeranian is a small, Spitz-type toy dog named after the Pomerania region of northern Poland and eastern Germany. The breed has featured in the top 20 most popular dog breeds in the USA every year since at least 1998.
Affectionately referred to as the “Pompom”, the Pomeranian weighs less than 4 kg and is usually around 13 – 28 cm tall. They are known for their soft, long fur, and come in the widest variety of colours of any dog breed. The most common are orange, black, or white.
Queen Victoria owned a very small Pomeranian and is credited with boosting its popularity as well as the resulting 50% decrease in breed size during her time.
They are very playful, active, friendly and intelligent. They are incredibly alert dogs, and they often bark when encountering new environments and people/animals. This can develop into a habit of excessive barking.
The life expectancy of a Pomeranian is between 12 and 16 years, but a well-bred, well-fed and often-exercised dog could live even longer.
The Pug is a small breed of dog known for its wrinkly face and curly tail. The pug is a rather old breed of dog, originating in China before bring imported to Europe in the 16th & 17th centuries.
Modern Pugs tend to have square, compact bodies with deep chests and well-formed muscles. Their coat is short and glossy, and most often is fawn-coloured, but they can come in apricot fawn, silver fawn, and black. Their coats are quite easy to groom with a firm bristle brush and only need to be bathed when necessary (although they should be dried immediately as they are sensitive to temperature). Their facial creases, however, need to be cleaned frequently. Pugs tend to shed heavily about twice a year.
Pugs have either “rose-” or “button-” shaped ears. “Rose” ears are smaller but breeders prefer “button” ears. The Pug has a tail which curls over the hip, very strong legs and ankles and small feet. Its lower teeth often rest further forward than the upper, and as a result most Pugs have under bites.
Healthy male Pugs weigh around 6 – 9 kg and stand at 30 – 36 cm tall, while females are usually 6 – 8 kg and between 25 and 30 cm tall. The life expectancy of the Pug is 12 to 15 years.
Pugs are well suited to apartments and small dwellings and will cope without a yard. However, they do not cope well in hot or cold weather and therefore should be kept indoors at a comfortable temperature.